Book detail

Custody Jurisprudence
Under Criminal Justice Administration
Author: Kavita Singh
Edition: 1st
Year of publication: 2018
No. of pages: 352
ISBN: 9788171773237
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
Price: 675.00
You pay 607.50
Related interest

Custodial violence is a worldwide phenomenon inflicted upon individuals irrespective of age, sex or state of health. The work elaborately deals with the types of custody, kinds of prisons, rights of prisoners, protection of vulnerable groups, women and insane prisoners against custodial violence, protection of prisoners against custodial rape, custodial death and fake encounters as well. The book adopts a complete and contemporary approach to the study relating to prison administration, area of custodial violence, international legal frameworks and domestic laws relating to the rights of prisoners.
 

Rights of prisoners
Encounter killings
Handcuffing
Right to speedy justice
Custodial rape and compensation
Juvenile justice system and detention
Brain Electrical Activation Profile Test

Contents
Foreword.................................................................................................. ....... [5]
Preface  .................................................................................................. ....... [7]
Table of Cases.................................................................................................. [17]
Chapter
    1    Introduction............................................................................... ........   1
               1   National Crime Record Bureau................................................. 2
                    1.1   Reason of deaths in police custody................................... 3
                    1.2   Escapees from police custody............................................ 4
                    1.3   Custodial rape..................................................................... 4
               2   Police custody, judicial custody, custodial
                    violence and human rights........................................................ 4
               3   Custodial crimes in India .......................................................... 8
                    3.1   British period...................................................................... 9
                    3.2   Post-Independence period ............................................... 10
    2    Historical Retrospect............................................................... ........   21
               1   Prison administration .............................................................. 22
                    1.1   Ancient period................................................................... 22
                    1.2   Medieval period................................................................. 25
                    1.3   Modern period................................................................... 27
                            1.3.1   The Prisons Act 1894............................................. 29
                            1.3.2   The Prisoners Act 1900......................................... 30
                            1.3.3   The Transfer of Prisoners Act 1950..................... 31
                            1.3.4   The Prisoners (Attendance in
                                        Courts) Act 1955..................................................... 32
                            1.3.5   Prison manuals...................................................... 32
               2   Kinds of prison.......................................................................... 36
                    2.1   The Reformatory Schools Act 1897................................. 36
                            2.1.1   Reformatory Schools ............................................ 36
                    2.2   The Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act 1956 .............. 37
                    2.3   The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956.................. 39
                    2.4   The Mental Health Act 1987............................................ 42
   2   Historical Retrospect—continued
                            2.4.1   Salient Feature of the
                                        Mental Healthcare Act 2017................................. 48
                    2.5   Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection
                            of Children) Act 2000........................................................ 48
                            2.5.1   Juvenile home....................................................... 51
                            2.5.2   Observation home................................................. 55
                            2.5.3   Special home.......................................................... 55
                    2.6   Salient Features of the Juvenile Justice
                            (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015 .................. 56
                            2.6.1   Different forms of Child Care
                                        Institutions under Act 2015 ................................. 58
               3   Torture and Third Degree Methodology................................. 60
    3    Rights of Prisoners.................................................................. ........   63
               1   International instruments....................................................... 64
                    1.1   Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948.............. 65
                    1.2   International Covenant on Civil and
                            Political Rights 1966......................................................... 67
                    1.3   First Optional Protocol to the International
                             Covenant on Civil and Political Rights......................... 68
                    1.4   Second Optional Protocol to the International
                            Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
                            aiming at the abolition of the death penalty................. 69
                    1.5   Body of Principles for the Protection of all
                            Persons under any Form of Detention or
                            Imprisonment.................................................................... 70
                    1.6   Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection of
                            Rights of those Facing Death Penalty............................ 71
                    1.7   Convention against Torture and other
                            Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
                            Treatment or Punishment............................................... 74
               2   Constitutional provisions......................................................... 78
                    2.1   Fundamental Rights......................................................... 79
                            2.1.1   Right to equality.................................................... 79
                            2.1.2   Right to freedom.................................................... 80 
                            2.1.3   Protection in respect of
                                        conviction for offences.......................................... 84
                            2.1.4   Protection of life and personal liberty................ 88
                            2.1.5   Right against arrest and detention...................... 91
                            2.1.6   Right against exploitation ................................... 95
                            2.1.7   Right to constitutional remedies......................... 96
                    2.2   Directive Principles of State Policy.............................. 103
    3    Rights of Prisoners—continued
               3   Legislative provisions............................................................. 103
                    3.1   Indian Penal Code 1860................................................. 104
                    3.2   Code of Criminal Procedure 1973................................. 107
                            3.2.1   Right of a person prior to
                                        arrest and after arrest......................................... 107
                            3.2.2   Right not to be subjected to
                                        unnecessary restrain........................................... 110
                            3.2.3   Right to be informed of grounds
                                        of arrest................................................................. 110
                            3.2.4  Right against arbitrary
                                        arrest and detention............................................ 110
                            3.2.5   Right to be released on bail................................ 111
                                        3.2.5.1    Recommendation of Law
                                                      Commission on arrest and bail........... 112
                            3.2.6   Right to obtain a receipt when
                                        property is seized................................................. 116
                            3.2.7   Right to be medically examined........................ 116
                            3.2.8   Right to fair and speedy investigation.............. 117
                            3.2.9   Right to legal aid................................................. 117
                            3.2.10     Right to plea bargain....................................... 118
                    3.3   Indian Evidence Act 1872.............................................. 119
                            3.3.1   Confession to police............................................ 119
                            3.3.2   Burden of proof and presumption...................... 120
                    3.4   The Protection of Human Rights Act 1993................... 120
                            3.4.1   Function and Powers of
                                        the Commission................................................... 121
    4    Custodial Violence................................................................... ........   125
               1   Vulnerable groups................................................................... 126
                    1.1   Juvenile prisoners.......................................................... 126
                            1.1.1   Law relating to abuse of children by
                                        authorities in power............................................ 130
                            1.1.2   Child friendly procedures during
                                        investigation and custody................................... 136
                    1.2   The Juvenile Justice (Care and
                            Protection of Children) Act 2015................................... 141
                            1.2.1   General Principles to deal with children
                                        in conflict with law............................................. 142
                            1.2.2   Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs).......................... 144
                            1.2.3   Children’s Court.................................................. 145
    4    Custodial Violence—continued
                            1.2.4   Child Welfare Committees (CWCs)
                                        for children in need of care and
                                        protection.............................................................. 145
                            1.2.5   Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPU)
                                        and Child Welfare Police Officers..................... 146
                            1.2.6   Penalties .............................................................. 146
                    1.3   Women prisoners............................................................ 146
                    1.4   Insane prisoners............................................................. 155
                            1.4.1   Person unable to stand trial due to
                                        unsoundness of mind.......................................... 156
                            1.4.2   Persons acquitted on ground of
                                        unsoundness of mind.......................................... 156
               2   Torture...................................................................................... 157
                    2.1   Torture practice in India................................................ 157
                    2.2   Methods of torture.......................................................... 163
               3   Inhuman degrading treatment.............................................. 164
               4   Custodial death........................................................................ 167
                    4.1   Custodial death—towards new definition................... 167
                    4.2   Evidence in custodial deaths......................................... 168
                    4.3   Custodial deaths—the role of
                            Executive Magistrate...................................................... 168
               5   Custodial rape.......................................................................... 169
               6   Fake encounters and forced disappearance......................... 172
    5    Protection against Custodial Violence........................................   175
               1   Procedural safeguards............................................................ 176
                    1.1   The role of court ............................................................. 176
                    1.2   Role of prosecutor .......................................................... 178
                    1.3   Identifying offenders of custodial crime...................... 187
                    1.4   Use of scientific aid in investigation ........................... 187
                            1.4.1   Polygraph test...................................................... 190
                            1.4.2   Narco-analysis test.............................................. 192
                            1.4.3   Brain Electrical Activation
                                        Profile (BEAP) test ............................................. 197
               2   Handcuffing............................................................................. 202
               3   Bar fetters................................................................................ 208
               4   Inhuman treatment................................................................ 211
               5   Solitary confinement.............................................................. 215
               6   Review the laws governing the use of fetters,
                    handcuff and inhuman treatment......................................... 219
                    6.1   Stop the unlawful use of fetters ................................... 220
    5    Protection against Custodial Violence—continued
               7   Code of Conduct for the Police in India................................................ 223
               8   National Human Rights Commission
                    guidelines on arrest................................................................................................. 225
                    8.1   Pre-Arrest........................................................................ 225
                    8.2   Arrest................................................................................ 226
                    8.3   Post-Arrest....................................................................... 229
               9   Enforcement of Guidelines.................................................... 230
             10   Encounter killings.................................................................. 231
                    10.1   Private defence or murder........................................... 232
                    10.2   NHRC Guidelines on encounter killings............... .. 233
    6    Remedies                                                                ........   234
               1   Speedy trial ............................................................................. 235
               2   Bail                                                                                          .. 246
                    2.1   Bail— meaning of........................................................... 247
                    2.2   Person empowered to grant bail................................... 247
                    2.3   Statutory provision regarding bail .............................. 250
                            2.3.1   The presumption of innocence........................... 251
                            2.3.2   Effect of detention on the
                                        prisoners private life........................................... 257
                            2.3.3   Prospects of acquittal becomes bleak ........... 257
                            2.3.4   Higher ratio of plea of guilty ..................... 257
                            2.3.5   Greater chances of imprisonment..................... 257
                            2.3.6   Effects on morale of the accused....................... 258
                            2.3.7   Detaining offenders, who on
                                        conviction, are not considered
                                        suitable for detention.......................................... 258
                            2.3.8   Effect on prison population................................ 258
                    2.4   Human rights and bail................................................... 259
               3   Legal aid................................................................................... 259
               4   Public Interest Litigation (PIL)............................................. 262
                    4.1   Evolution of Public Interest Litigation........................ 262
                    4.2   Features of Public Interest Litigation.......................... 265
                    4.3   Governmental lawlessness and repression................. 266
                            4.3.1   Custodial violation.............................................. 266
                            4.3.2   Violence against women and
                                        Public Interest Litigation................................... 270
                            4.3.3   Children ............................................................... 271
               5   Compensation.......................................................................... 272
                    5.1   Right to compensation ................................................... 275
    6    Remedies—continued
                    5.2   Objectives of payment of compensation....................... 276
                    5.3   Law Commission of India on compensation................ 278
                    5.4   Malimath Committee on compensation....................... 279
                    5.5   Compensation in writ proceedings............................... 280
    7    Conclusion and Suggestions.................................................. ........   299
               1   Suggestions and recommendations....................................... 310
               2   Stop use of third degree methods.......................................... 314
               3   Rehabilitation.......................................................................... 316
Index                                                                                                           .......   319
 

Kavita Singh

LLM, PhD Associate Professor W.B. National University of Juridical Sciences

Students, Lawyers and Practitioners



Special Deals
Special Deals
Enjoy 7.5% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 1600
Use Code
Enjoy 12% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 2000
Use Code
X
Enjoy 7.5% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 1600
Use Code
View all Deals
We accept all major Credit Cards, Debit Cards and indian NetBanking Acccounts supported by:
Web Administrator LNSEL