Book detail

Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers' Rights
Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers' Rights
Law, Practice and Procedure
Author: R.R. Hanchinal,  Raj Ganesh
Edition: 1st
Year of publication: 2018
No. of pages: 406
ISBN: 9788171773374
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
Price: 790.00
You pay 711.00
Related interest

An outstanding work of erudite and experienced authors deals with step by step guidance for obtaining proprietorship over plant varieties developed by plant breeders, researchers, farmers, National Agricultural Research System (NARS), CSIR  institutes and public & private seed industry. It discuses all the ingredients relating to the subject, such as, procedure relating to application for registration, varieties eligible for registration, opposition, protection, benefit sharing, researchers’ rights, corrections and revocations, infringements, offences and penalties

• Varieties eligible for registration
• Procedure for registration
• Opposition against registration
• Infringement of registered variety
• Correction & revocation of registration
• Quia timet action 
• Compulsory license
• Penalty for false representation
• Maintenance of registration
• Enforcement of breeders’ rights
• Determination of benefit sharing
• Infringement 
• Offences and penalties

Contents

Message................................................................................................................. [5]
Foreword ............................................................................................................... [7]
Preface .................................................................................................................. [9]
Table of Cases..................................................................................................... [25]
Chapter
      1    Introduction to Intellectual Property—
            Its Meanings Nature and Types   ........................................................     1
            1.1   Intellectual property law................................................................     1
                    (a)  Trade mark...............................................................................     3
                    (b)  Patent.......................................................................................     4
                    (c)   Copyright..................................................................................     5
                    (d)  Designs.....................................................................................     6
                    (e)  Semiconductor integrated circuits layout-design..................     6
                    (f)   Geographical indications.........................................................     7
                    (g)   Protection of plant variety.......................................................     9
            1.2   Seeds Act.........................................................................................     9
      2    Genesis of Plant Variety Protection Laws  .......................................   10
            2.1   Genesis of plant variety protection laws.......................................   10
            2.2   UPOV Convention—International Convention
                    for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants...............................   12
            2.3   Genesis of plant variety protection law in India...........................   12
            2.4    Major difference between UPOV 1991 and Indian law................................   13
      3    Central Government, Authority, Chairperson,
            Plant Varieties Registry, National Register of Plant
            Varieties and Plant Variety Journal  ...................................................   15
            3.1   Role of Central Government under PPV&FR Act........................   15
            3.2   Central Government Notified the coming into force of Act.........................................   16
            3.3   Owner of un-registered extant variety..........................................   16
      3    Central Government, Authority, Chairperson,
            Plant Varieties Registry, National Register 
            of Plant Varieties and Plant Variety Journalcontinued
            3.4   No registration of variety if prejudicial to life,
                    health etc........................................................................................   16
            3.5   Central Government issues Notification for
                    registration of new varieties...........................................................   16
            3.6   Grants by Central Government.....................................................   17
            3.7   Report of the Authority to be placed before
                    the Parliament................................................................................   17
            3.8   Government is bound.....................................................................   17
            3.9   Notification for Convention Countries.........................................   17
            3.10   Rule making power of the Central Government.......................... 18
            3.11   Consultation with Central Government in case
                       of testing of Essentially Derived Variety—
                       dispensed with................................................................................ 23
            3.12   Laying of Rules, Regulations and Schemes before
                       Parliament by Central Government.............................................. 24
            3.13   Role of authority............................................................................ 24
            3.14   Authority......................................................................................... 25
            3.15   Branch Office of the Authority...................................................... 25
            3.16   Composition of the Authority........................................................ 26
            3.17   Meetings of Authority.................................................................... 27
            3.18   Appointment of Expert Committees............................................ 28
            3.19   General Functions of the Authority.............................................. 28
            3.20   Authentication of orders of Authority........................................... 29
            3.21   Delegation of powers of Authority................................................. 29
            3.22   Civil court powers of the Authority............................................... 30
            3.23   Quasi-judicial proceedings before the Authority.......................... 30
            3.24   Power to make regulations............................................................ 30
            3.25   Chairperson of PPV&FR Authority............................................... 32
            3.26   Powers and duties of the Chairperson......................................... 34
            3.27   Financial and administrative powers of Chairperson.................. 35
            3.28   Chairperson to appoint a Standing Committee........................... 36
            3.29   Proceedings of the Standing Committee...................................... 36
            3.30   Branch offices of the Registry....................................................... 37
            3.31   Registrar-General........................................................................... 38
            3.32   Registrar.......................................................................................... 39
      3    Central Government, Authority, Chairperson,
            Plant  Varieties Registry, National Register 
            of Plant Varieties and Plant Variety Journalcontinued
            3.33   Civil court powers of the Registrar................................................ 39
            3.34   Quasi judicial proceedings before the Registrar........................... 40
            3.35   Difference between proceedings before
                       Registrar and Authority.................................................................. 40
            3.36   Duties of Registrar......................................................................... 40
            3.37   Jurisdiction of Registrar................................................................. 42
            3.38   The term of office and the conditions of
                       service of the Registrars................................................................. 42
            3.39   National Register of Plant Varieties............................................. 42
            3.40   Matters to be included in the National Register of
                       Plant Varieties................................................................................ 43
            3.41   Public inspection and Procedure to obtain certified
                       copies of extract of National Register of Plant Varieties
                       or any other document in any proceeding before the
                       Authority or Registrar..................................................................... 46
            3.42   Evidentiary value and difference between certified
                       copy of entry of Register as true copy and
                       certificate of entry in register........................................................ 46
            3.43   Plant Variety Journal..................................................................... 47
      4    Applicant                                                                                                   48
            4.1   Application for registration of new or extant variety....................   49
                         Breeder of the variety................................................................   49
                         Successor of the breeder of the variety....................................   50
                         Assignee of the breeder of the variety......................................   50
                         Farmers or group of farmers or community
                           of farmers.................................................................................   51
                         Person authorized in the prescribed manner
                           by a person specified under clauses (a) to (d) of
                           section 16(1) to make application on his behalf...................   52
                         Any university or publicly funded agricultural
                             institution claiming to be the breeder of the variety...........   52
            4.2   Foreign applicant............................................................................   53
            4.3   Firm.................................................................................................   53
            4.4   Sole proprietorship concern...........................................................   53
            4.5   Hindu Undivided Family................................................................   54
            4.6   Government....................................................................................   54
            4.7   University........................................................................................   54
      4    Applicantcontinued
            4.8   Trust................................................................................................   54
            4.9   Joint Applicants..............................................................................   54
            4.10   Minor............................................................................................... 54
            4.11   Position in UPOV............................................................................................................ ... 55
            4.12   ‘Person’ in UPOV........................................................................... 55
            4.13   Three elements of the definition of
                       breeder under UPOV..................................................................... 55
                       (i)   The person who bred, or discovered and
                             developed, a variety...............................................................   55
                      (ii)   Employer................................................................................   56
                     (iii)   Successor in title...................................................................   56
      5    Varieties Eligible for Registration ......................................................   57
            5.1   Plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of
                    the lowest known rank...................................................................   59
            5.2   Defined by the expression of characteristics resulting
                    from a given genotype or combination of genotypes....................   60
            5.3   Considered as a unit with regard to its
                    suitability for being propagated unchanged..................................   60
            5.4   N-Novelty........................................................................................   63
            5.5   D-Distinct........................................................................................   63
            5.6   U-Uniformity..................................................................................   64
            5.7   S-Stability........................................................................................   64
            5.8   NDUS & DUS criteria of variety is determined as
                    on the date of filing of application that is date of
                    payment of entire fee.....................................................................   64
            5.9   Case law..........................................................................................   64
            5.10   Not only commercialisation of a variety but its
                       exploitation would also affect novelty.......................................... 67
            5.11   Propagating material...................................................................... 67
            5.12   Harvested material......................................................................... 68
            5.13   Things not affecting novelty.......................................................... 68
            5.14   Issue of parental lines—evergreening.......................................... 68
            5.15   Notification of crop species in Official Gazette for
                       registration as new varieties—no time limit for
                       registration of new varieties.......................................................... 72
            5.16   Sum up—new varieties.................................................................. 73
            5.17   Application form and fees for registration
                       of new varieties.............................................................................. 74
      5    Varieties Eligible for Registrationcontinued
            5.18   Position in UPOV........................................................................... 74
            5.19   Application Form and Fees for extant and new
                       varieties notified under s. 5 of the Seeds Act 1966...................... 78
            5.20   Farmers’ variety.............................................................................. 78
            5.21   Application form and fees for farmers varieties........................... 79
            5.22   Extant variety about which there is
                       common knowledge....................................................................... 80
            5.23   Application Form and fees for registration of extant
                       variety about which there is common knowledge........................ 81
            5.24   Public Domain Varieties................................................................ 81
            5.25   Farmer is a breeder and is eligible to apply his variety
                       under the category of new, extant variety about
                       which there is common knowledge, new EDV and
                       extant EDV..................................................................................... 81
            5.26   Time limit for registration of extant varieties.............................. 81
            5.27   Extant variety about which there is common
                       knowledge should not be in commercialization 
                       or exploitation for more than 15 years in case of
                       field crops and 18 years in case of trees and vines
                       (on the date of filing of the application)....................................... 82
            5.28   Extant variety notified under s. 5 of the Seeds Act 1966
                       must be registered within 15 years from the date of
                       notification under the Seeds Act 1966......................................... 82
            5.29   Time limit for registration of extant varieties—
                       Pre-amendment position (Position before 15.06.2015)............... 83
            5.30   Position in UPOV........................................................................... 86
            5.31   New Zealand Case Law on EDV under the 1991
                       Act of UPOV Convention............................................................... 87
            5.32   Indian Law...................................................................................... 89
            5.33   Application form and fees for registration of
                       Essentially Derived Varieties......................................................... 89
            5.34   Rights of breeder of Initial Variety................................................ 90
            5.35   EDV from farmers variety.............................................................. 90
      6    Denomination                                                                                            91
            6.1   Compulsory variety denomination................................................   93
            6.2   Manner in which a single and distinct denomination
                    shall be assigned by the Applicant.................................................   93
            6.3   Trade mark and denomination......................................................   95
            6.4   Association and use of trade mark with denomination...............   95
      6    Denominationcontinued
            6.5   Essential requisites of a denomination given to a
                    new variety......................................................................................   96
            6.6   Time to propose another alternate denomination.......................   97
            6.7   Period of protection of denomination comparison
                    between Indian law and UPOV.....................................................   97
            6.8   Infringement for use of identical or deceptively
                    similar denomination.....................................................................   97
            6.9   Identical similarity..........................................................................   99
            6.10   Deceptive similarity........................................................................ 99
            6.11   So as to cause confusion in the minds of public......................... 99
            6.12   Position in UPOV......................................................................... 100
            6.13   UPOV—a variety denomination should not be
                       used more than once in the same class..................................... 100
            6.14   Use of denomination of Registered variety................................ 101
            6.15   Prohibition to apply the denomination of registered
                       variety by third persons................................................................ 103
            6.16   Alteration of denomination of a registered variety.................... 103
            6.17   Opposition to alteration of denomination of
                       registered variety.......................................................................... 104
            6.18   Meaning of falsely applying the denomination of a
                       registered variety.............................................................................................................. . 105
            6.19   Penalty for applying false denomination, etc............................. 105
            6.20   Penalty for selling varieties to which false
                       denomination is applied etc.................................................................................. . 106
      7    Application Form, DUS Testing and Registration........................... .......             107
                    Form I: Application for Registration of New Variety
                    and Extant variety under Protection of Plant Variety
                    and Farmers’ Rights Act 2001........................................................ 108
            7.1   Application form for registration of EDV......................................................... . 132
            7.2   Application form for registration of
                    farmers’ varieties............................................................................ 132
            7.3   Examination of application............................................................ 134
            7.4   Notification for DUS test fee and seeds....................................... 134
            7.5   Notification of DUS test centre in Plant
                    Variety Journal................................................................................ 134
            7.6   DUS criteria for registration........................................................... 135
            7.7   DUS testing..................................................................................... 135
      7    Application Form, DUS Testing and Registrationcontinued
            7.8   DUS testing fees............................................................................. 136
            7.9   On-site DUS testing....................................................................... 136
            7.10   DUS testing of farmers’ varieties................................................ 137
            7.11   Exemption from DUS testing...................................................... 137
            7.12   Acceptance.................................................................................... 138
            7.13   Advertisement.............................................................................. 139
            7.14   Details of advertisement.............................................................. 139
            7.15   Opposition.................................................................................... 140
            7.16   Certificate of registration............................................................. 140
      8    Opposition                                                                                             . 141
            8.1   Representation and opposition...................................................... 141
            8.2   Difference between Opposition and Revocation.......................... 142
            8.3   Advertisement of application......................................................... 142
            8.4   Contents of advertisement............................................................ 142
            8.5   Opposition can be filed by any person........................................... 143
            8.6   Opposition can be filed even by foreigner or
                    foreign entity................................................................................... 143
            8.7   Opposition should be filed within three
                    months of the date of publication................................................. 144
            8.8   Form and Fees................................................................................ 147
            8.9   Grounds for filing opposition.......................................................... 147
            8.10   Opposition should be forwarded to the applicant
                       within three months.................................................................... 148
            8.11   Delay in filing notice of opposition.............................................. 148
            8.12   Counter statement...................................................................... 149
            8.13   Final opposition............................................................................ 149
            8.14   Evidence of opponent.................................................................. 149
            8.15   Evidence of applicant................................................................... 150
            8.16   Amendment in opposition........................................................... 150
            8.17   Complete disclosure of documents of
                       opposition to the opponent......................................................... 152
            8.18   Hearing......................................................................................... 153
            8.19   Allowing and rejection of opposition........................................... 153
      9    Provisional Protection ........................................................................ . 154
            9.1   Person claiming provisional protection must be an
                    applicant for plant variety registration........................................... 156
      9    Provisional Protectioncontinued
            9.2   Protection from date of filing of application upto
                    date of decision taken on grant of certificate of
                    registration...................................................................................... 156
            9.3   Date of filing of application............................................................ 156
            9.4   Decision taken by the Authority on such application
                    actually means the date of decision to grant of
                    certificate of registration................................................................ 156
            9.5   Registrar may issue directions....................................................... 156
            9.6   To protect the interest.................................................................... 157
            9.7      Against the abusive act committed by the third party....................................................... 158
            9.8   Form and fees................................................................................. 158
            9.9   Provisional protection under UPOV.............................................. 158
                    Example A  ..................................................................................... 158
                    Example B....................................................................................... 158
            9.10   Section 24(5) of PPV&FR Act 2001 is ultra vires or
                       intra vires—issue in Hon’ble Supreme Court............................ 159
    10    Period of Protection                                                                              . 161
                   1  New Variety................................................................................. 161
                   2  Extant Variety............................................................................. 162
                   3  Application from Convention Country...................................... 163
    11    Benefit Sharing  .................................................................................. . 165
            11.1   Claimant of benefit sharing in respect of registered
                       variety must be an Indian citizen................................................ 167
            11.2   Claim of benefit sharing.............................................................. 168
            11.3   Time-limit for filing claim for benefit sharing............................ 169
            11.4   Opposition to benefit sharing...................................................... 169
            11.5   Determination of benefit sharing............................................... 170
            11.6   Position in UPOV......................................................................... 171
    12    Assignment, Transmission, Agency and License........................... .......             172
            12.1   Assignment before filing application for registration................. 173
            12.2   Assignment while application is pending for
                       registration.................................................................................... 173
            12.3   Assignment after registration...................................................... 174
            12.4   Transmission................................................................................ 174
            12.5   Difference between assignment and transmission................... 174
            12.6   Transmission before filing application for
                       registration.................................................................................... 175
    12    Assignment, Transmission, Agency and Licensecontinued
            12.7   Transmission while application is pending for
                       registration.................................................................................... 175
            12.8   Transmission after registration................................................... 176
            12.9   Agency and license ...................................................................... 176
            12.10   Notice in case of infringement.................................................. 178
            12.11   Rights of registered agent or registered licensee 
                        is not assignable and transferable............................................. 179
            12.12   Duration of agency and license.................................................. 179
            12.13   Implied warranty of the registered breeder to
                        maintain the registration till the duration of 
                        agency and license...................................................................... 179
            12.14   Liability of agent and licensee to pay annual fee..................... 179
             12.15 Agent and licensee has no liability to
                        pay renewal fee........................................................................... 180
             12.16 Variation and cancellation of terms of registration
                        of agent and licensee.................................................................. 180
             12.17 Form and fees............................................................................. 181
             12.18 Intention to oppose or intervene............................................... 181
    13    Researcher’s Rights                                                                              . 183
             13.1    Position in UPOV-Exception to breeders’ rights...................... 184
                      (a)   Acts done privately and for non-commercial
                             purposes................................................................................. 184
                      (b)   Acts done for experimental purposes................................... 185
    14    Surrender, Rectification, Correction and Revocation  .................... 187
            14.1   Opposition to surrender............................................................... 187
            14.2   Contesting the opposition........................................................... 188
            14.3   Cancellation, change and rectification of
                       the Register.................................................................................. 189
            14.4   Registrar can suo motu (on his own motion)
                       exercise the power to cancel or change the
                       certificate of registration.............................................................. 189
            14.5   Correction of Register.................................................................. 190
            14.6   Application for correction of the Register or
                       Certificate of Registration by registered agent or
                       registered licensee........................................................................ 191
            14.7   Revocation of protection granted to
                       registered variety.......................................................................... 192
            14.8   Delay in filing notice of opposition to revocation....................... 195
    15    Annual Fee and Renewal Fee—Maintenance of Registration        . 197
            15.1   Annual fee.................................................................................... 197
            15.2   Applicability of annual fee........................................................... 199
            15.3   Annual fee return form............................................................... 200
            15.4   Renewal fee.................................................................................. 200
            15.5   Difference between annual fee and renewal fee...................... 203
            15.6   Anomaly in rule 39 relating to renewal fee................................ 205
    16    Farmers’ Rights ................................................................................... . 206
            16.1   Introduction.................................................................................. 206
            16.2   Definition of Farmer and Farmers Variety................................. 207
            16.3   Farmers rights.............................................................................. 207
                             (1)    Farmer as a breeder...................................................... 207
                             (2)    Farmer to be Awarded, Rewarded and
                             Recognised for conservation of Plant
                             Genetic Resources................................................................. 208
                             (3)    Farmers right to sell his farm produce 
                             the seeds of protected variety in an
                             unbranded manner................................................................ 208
                             (4)    Farmers right to compensation if the registered
                             variety fails to give expected performance 
                             under given conditions.......................................................... 209
                             (5)    Information regarding the use of genetic 
                             material conserved by the farmers....................................... 210
                             (6)    Farmers right to claim compensation in respect 
                             of registered variety in whose evolution there 
                             has been significant contribution by them.......................... 210
                             (7)    Protection of innocent infringement........................... 213
                             (8)    Authorisation to be obtained from farmers
                             in case of development of EDV from
                             farmers variety....................................................................... 213
                             (9)    Exemption from payment of fees................................ 213
                             (10)  Other rights—simple form........................................... 214
                             (11)  Farmers Rights in DUS testing—Double the 
                             level of off types for Uniformity and if variety 
                             is Uniform it is deemed to be stable..................................... 216
                             (12)  Annual fee and renewal fee......................................... 216
            16.4   Plant Genome Savior Community Award................................... 217
            16.5   Plant Genome Saviour Farmer Reward and Plant
                       Genome Saviour Farmer Recognition........................................ 217
            16.6   Recognition and reward to be conferred annually..................... 218
            16.7   Eligibility for recognition and reward.......................................... 218
    16    Farmers’ Rightscontinued
            16.8   Committee to determine the eligibility and
                       select the awardees...................................................................... 218
            16.9   Difference between Plant Genome Savior Community
                       Award and Plant Genome Saviour Farmer Reward
                       and Plant Genome Saviour Farmer Recognition....................... 220
                             Position of farmers’ rights in UPOV..................................... 221
             16.10  Exceptions to the Breeder's Right............................................. 221
             16.11  Deciding on the inclusion of the optional exception................ 221
             16.12 Type of variety............................................................................. 222
             16.13 Size of holding / crop area / crop value...................................... 223
             16.14 Proportion or amount of harvested crop................................... 224
             16.15 Changing situations.................................................................... 224
             16.16 Remuneration............................................................................. 225
             16.17 Farmer’s holding—propagating material................................... 225
             16.18 Implementation of the optional exception in
                        Article 15(2)................................................................................. 225
    17    Compulsory License                                                                            . 227
            17.1   Compulsory license—conditions—form and fees...................... 228
            17.2   Application for compulsory license.............................................. 229
            17.3   Prima facie case not made out—notification
                       to applicant................................................................................... 229
            17.4   Notice to breeder inviting opposition—form and fees............... 229
            17.5   Hearing......................................................................................... 230
            17.6   Consultation with Central Government..................................... 230
            17.7   When requirement of public deemed to
                       have not been satisfied................................................................ 230
            17.8   Adjournment of application for grant of
                      compulsory license....................................................................... 231
            17.9   Duration of compulsory license .................................................. 231
             17.10 Authority to settle terms and conditions of license.................. 232
             17.11 Revocation of compulsory license on own motion
                        (suo motu) or on application from aggrieved
                        person—form and fees............................................................... 232
                             (a)        Notice to compulsory licensee................................. 232
                                            (b)              Opposition by compulsory licensee—form and fees........................ 233
                             (c)         Hearing and order..................................................... 233
             17.12 Modification of compulsory license........................................... 233
             17.13 Forms and fees for modification of
                        compulsory license...................................................................... 233
    18    Appeal to Tribunal  ............................................................................. . 235
            18.1   Establishment of Tribunal.......................................................... 235
            18.2   Composition of Tribunal.............................................................. 236
                             (a)      Benches....................................................................... 236
                             (b)      Judicial Member.......................................................... 236
                             (c)       Technical Member...................................................... 237
                             (d)      Chairman of the Tribunal.......................................... 237
            18.3   Appeals to the Tribunal—time within which 
                      appeal must be preferred............................................................. 237
            18.4   Appeal must accompany copy of order or decision.............. . 238
            18.5   Appeals to Tribunal...................................................................... 238
            18.6   Form of appeal............................................................................. 238
            18.7   Orders of the Tribunal................................................................. 239
            18.8   Fees to Tribunal........................................................................... 239
            18.9   Procedure of Tribunal.................................................................. 239
             18.10 Transitional provision—IPAB to function as PVPAT................ 240
   19   Infringement..................................................................................... .......             242
            19.1   Infringement................................................................................ 243
            19.2   Relief in suit for infringement.................................................... 243
            19.3   Opinion of scientific adviser........................................................ 244
            19.4   Burden of proof............................................................................ 244
            19.5   District Court................................................................................ 244
            19.6   Suit................................................................................................ 244
            19.7   Jurisdiction................................................................................... 245
            19.8   Period of limitation...................................................................... 245
            19.9   Stay of trial of suit for infringement on pendency
                       of rectification proceedings.......................................................... 246
             19.10 Anton Piller order........................................................................ 247
             19.11 Appointment of Advocate Commissioner.................................. 248
             19.12 Ex parte interim injunction....................................................... 248
             19.13  Order to keep accounts.............................................................. 248
             19.14 Injunction during appeal and stay of injunction...................... 249
             19.15 Security for costs in case of foreign plaintiffs........................... 249
             19.16 Valuation of suit......................................................................... 249
             19.17  Court fee for jurisdiction............................................................ 249
                        Infringement suit by Registered Agent or
                        Registered Licensee.................................................................... 249
             19.18 Order of injunction—appealable............................................... 250
    19    Infringementcontinued
             19.19 Proceeding of civil and criminal case simultaneously.............. 251
             19.20 Period of injunction granted by Court is limited  
                        to the term of Plant Breeder’s Right......................................... 253
             19.21  Quia timet action........................................................................ 253
             19.22 Enforcement of breeder’s rights in UPOV................................ 253
                             (a)................................................................. Civil measures.......             253
                             (b).......................................................... Customs measures.......             254
                             (c)                                                  Administrative measures.......             254
                             (d).......................................................... Criminal measures.......             255
                             (e)................. Measures resulting from alternative dispute
                             settlement mechanisms........................................................ 255
                             (f)                                                              Specialized courts.......             255
    20    Offences and Penalties                                                                        . 256
            20.1   Persons entitled to use denomination of a
                       registered variety.......................................................................... 256
            20.2   Meaning of applying the denomination of a variety
                       registered...................................................................................... 257
            20.3   Falsely applying the denomination of a registered
                       variety............................................................................................ 258
            20.4   Burden of proof in falsely applying denomination 
                       of a variety registered................................................................... 258
            20.5   Ingredients for falsely applying the denomination
                       of a registered variety................................................................... 258
            20.6   Penalty for falsely applying the denomination 
                       of a registered variety................................................................... 259
            20.7   Penalty for selling varieties to which false
                       denomination is applied etc........................................................ 260
            20.8   Penalty for falsely representing a
                       variety as registered...................................................................... 261
            20.9   Penalty for subsequent offence.................................................. 262
             20.10  No offence in certain cases........................................................ 262
             20.11  Exemption of persons employed in ordinary
                        course of business........................................................................................................ . 262
             20.12  Procedure where invalidity of registration is 
                        pleaded stay of the criminal proceedings.................................. 263
             20.13 Offences by companies.............................................................. 264
             20.14  Bailable, compoundable and non-cognizable............................ 265
             20.15  Commencement of limitation and limitation........................... 265
             20.16  Protection of farmers from criminal proceedings..................... 265
   21   Miscellaneous                                                                                   .......             266
            21.1   Costs in proceedings before the
                       Authority or Registrar................................................................... 266
            21.2   Costs in uncontested opposition cases....................................... 267
            21.3   Exception to Rule........................................................................ 267
            21.4   Budget, accounts and audit......................................................... 268
            21.5   Authority fund.............................................................................. 269
            21.6   National Gene Fund.................................................................... 270
            21.7   Protection of security of India..................................................... 270
            21.8   Implied warranty on sale of registered variety etc...................... 271
            21.9   Death of a party to a proceeding................................................. 271
             21.10  Proceedings before Authority or Registrar
                        deemed to be judicial proceedings............................................. 271
             21.11 Protection of action taken in good faith.................................... 272
             21.12  Bar of Jurisdiction....................................................................... 272
             21.13 Members and staff of Authority etc., to be
                        public servants............................................................................ 272
             21.14 Exemption from tax on wealth and income............................. 272
             21.15 Act to have overriding effect....................................................... 272
             21.16  Officers and other employees of the Authority........................ 273
Appendices
Appendix
      1    Notification of Crop Species for Registration.................................. .......             279
      2    DUS Test Fees Details ......................................................................... . 285
      3    Annual Fee Return Form..................................................................... .......             290
      4    Table Showing the Time Limit for Registration of Crop Species.. .......             291
      5    Application Form for the
           Plant Genome Saviour Community Award....................................... .......             308
      6    Application Form for the
           Plant Genome Saviour Farmer Reward/Recognition....................... .......             314
      7    Application for the Registration of Farmers’ Variety....................... .......             320
      8    The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001.. .......             324
Index                       371                         
 

R.R. Hanchinal

PhD, FNAAS, FNABS, FISGPB, FISPGR, Former Chairperson, Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers' Right Authority, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Raj Ganesh

LLM, Legal Advisor, Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers' Rights Authority



Special Deals
Special Deals
Enjoy 7.5% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 1600
Use Code
Enjoy 12% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 2000
Use Code
X
Enjoy 7.5% extra discount on purchase minimum worth Rs. 1600
Use Code
View all Deals
Web Administrator LNSEL