Book detail

The Indian Penal Code
The Indian Penal Code
A Critical Commentary
Author: Dr. Harish Chander
Edition: 1st
Year of publication: 2017
No. of pages: 864
ISBN: 9788171773169
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
Price: 975.00
You pay 877.50
Related interest

The work tries to exhibit the whole gamut of the Penal Law in a systematic manner. Detailed analysis has been made of the general principles of criminal liability and also the fundamental principles of actus reas, mens rea, automatism, strict liability, ignorantia juris non excusat, causation of crimes, and vicarious liability, etc. Important relevant English case laws are included in support of those concepts. Current judicial as well as legislative issues related to Indian Penal Code are discussed vividly. All the amendments made recently including the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 with comments thereon are incorporated in proper places. 

The book catalogues almost all the important topics that are treated as burning issues of the day, such as—euthanasia, cruelty to women, dowry death, kidnapping, change of concept of obscenity, right to private defence, abetment to commit suicide, etc. Critical analysis has been made on the controversial issues like—difference between culpable homicide and murder, constitutional validity of execution of death sentence, expanded definition of rape, consent in rape cases, grievous hurt and its punishment, buying or selling minor for the purpose of prostitution, marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife, punishment for murder by life convict etc.
The book is very much essential for the day-to-day work of a busy practitioner as well as judges and the persons interested in the subject.
 

Principles of criminal liability
Burning issues of the day
Analysis of the controversies
Relevant English case-laws
Current judicial and legislative issues

CHAPTER 1
Introduction
    SECTION
    1    Title and extent of operation of the Code    
    2    Punishment of offences committed within India    
    3    Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which 
        by law may be tried within, India    
    4    Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences    
    5    Certain laws not to be affected by this Act    
CHAPTER 2
General Explanations
    6    Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions    
    7    Sense of expression once explained    
    8    Gender    
    9    Number    
    10    “Man”, “Woman”    
    11    “Person”    
    12    “Public”    
    13    “Queen” (Repealed)    
    14    “Servant of Government”    
    15    “British India” (Repealed)    
    16    “Government of India” (Repealed)    
    17    “Government”    
    18    “India”    
    19    “Judge”    
    20    “Court of Justice”    
    21    “Public Servant”    
    22    “Movable property”    
    23    “Wrongful gain”    
    24    “Dishonestly”    
    25    “Fraudulently”    
    26    “Reason to believe”    
    27    Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant    
    28    “Counterfeit”    
    29    “Document”    
    29A    “Electronic record”    
    30    “Valuable security”    
    31    “A will”    
    32    Words referring to acts include illegal omissions    
    33    “Act”, “Omission”    
    34    Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention    
    35    When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with
        a criminal knowledge or intention    
    36    Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission    
    37    Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence    
    38    Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences    
    39    “Voluntarily”    
    40    “Offence”    
    41    “Special law”    
    42    “Local law”    
    43    “Illegal”, “Legally bound to do”    
    44    “Injury”    
    45    “Life”    
    46    “Death”    
    47    “Animal”    
    48    “Vessel”    
    49    “Year”, “Month”    
    50    “Section”    
    51    “Oath”    
    52    “Good faith”    
    52A    “Harbour”    
CHAPTER 3
Of Punishments
    53    Punishments    
    53A    Construction of reference to transportation    
    54    Commutation of sentence of death    
    55    Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life    
    55A    Definition of “appropriate Government”    
    56    Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude, proviso as 
        to sentence for term exceeding ten years but not for life (Repealed)    
    57    Fractions of terms of punishment    
    58    Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with 
        until transport (Repealed)    
    59    Transportation instead of imprisonment (Repealed)    
    60    Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or
        partly rigorous or simple    
    61    Sentence of forfeiture of property (Repealed)    
    62    Forfeiture of property in respect of offenders punishable with death, 
        transportation or imprisonment (Repealed)    
    63    Amount of fine    
    64    Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine    
    65    Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when 
        imprisonment and fine awardable    
    66    Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine    
    67    Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence
        punishable with fine only    
    68    Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine    
    69    Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine    
    70    Fine leviable within six years, or during imprisonment—Death
        not to discharge property from liability    
    71    Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences    
    72    Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the
        judgment stating that it is doubtful of which    
    73    Solitary confinement    
    74    Limit of solitary confinement    
    75    Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or
        Chapter XVII after previous conviction    
CHAPTER 4
General Exceptions
    76    Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing
        himself bound, by law    
    77    Act of Judge when acting judicially    
    78    Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court    
    79    Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing
        himself justified, by law    
    80    Accident in doing a lawful act    
    81    Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and
        to prevent other harm    
    82    Act of a child under seven years of age    
    83    Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding    
    84    Act of a person of unsound mind    
    85    Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication 
        caused against his will    
`    86    Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed
        by one who is intoxicated    
    87    Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or
        grievous hurt, done by consent    
    88    Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in 
        good faith for person’s benefit    
    89    Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person,   
        by or by consent of guardian    
    90    Consent known to be given under fear or misconception    
    91    Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused    
    92    Act done in good faith for benefit of a person without consent    
    93    Communication made in good faith    
    94    Act to which a person is compelled by threats    
    95    Act causing slight harm    
    96    Things done in private defence    
    97    Right of private defence of the body and of property    
    98    Right of private defence against the act of a person of  unsound mind, etc.    
    99    Acts against which there is no right of private defence    
    100    When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing death    
    101    When such right extends to causing any harm other than death    
    102    Commencement and continuance of the right of private 
        defence of the body    
    103    When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death    
    104    When such right extends to causing any harm other than death    
    105    Commencement and continuance of the right of  
        private defence of property    
    106    Right of private defence against deadly assault when there 
        is risk of harm to innocent person    
CHAPTER 5
Of Abetment
    107    Abetment of a thing    
    108    Abettor    
    108A    Abetment in India of offences outside India    
    109    Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence, 
        and where no express provision is made for its punishment    
    110    Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with 
        different intention from that of abettor    
    111    Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done    
    112    Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act 
        abetted and for act done    
    113    Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different 
        from that intended by the abettor    
    114    Abettor present when offence is committed    
    115    Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life—
        if offence not committed    
    116    Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment—
        if offence be not committed    
    117    Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons    
    118    Concealing design to commit offence punishable with 
        death  or imprisonment for life    
    119    Public servant concealing design to commit offence 
        which it is his duty to prevent    
    120    Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment    
CHAPTER 5A
Criminal Conspiracy
    120A    Definition of criminal conspiracy    
    120B    Punishment of criminal conspiracy    
CHAPTER 6
Of Offences against the State
    121    Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, 
        against the Government of India    
    121A    Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121    
    122    Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against 
        the Government of India    
    123    Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war    
    124    Assaulting President, Governor, etc., with intent to compel or 
        restrain the exercise of any lawful power    
    124A    Sedition    
    125    Waging war against any Asiatic Power in alliance with 
        the  Government of India    
    126    Committing depredation on territories of Power at peace with
        the Government of India    
    127    Receiving property taken by war on depredation 
        mentioned in ss. 125 and 126    
    128    Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape    
    129    Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape    
    130    Aiding escape of, rescuing or harbouring such prisoner    
CHAPTER 7
Of Offences Relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force
    131    Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or 
        airman from his duty    
    132    Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof    
    133    Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his 
        superior officer, when in execution of his office    
    134    Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed    
    135    Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman    
    136    Harbouring deserter    
    137    Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master    
    138    Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman    
    138A    Application of foregoing sections to the Indian Marine Service (Repealed)    
    139    Persons subject to certain Acts    
    140    Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman    
CHAPTER 8
Of Offences against the Public Tranquility
    141    Unlawful assembly    
    142    Being member of unlawful assembly    
    143    Punishment    
    144    Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon    
    145    Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has
        been commanded to disperse    
    146    Rioting    
    147    Punishment for rioting    
    148    Rioting, armed with deadly weapon    
    149    Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence
        committed in prosecution of common object    
    150    Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly    
    151    Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more
        persons after it has been commanded to disperse    
    152    Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc.    
    153    Wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot—if
        rioting be committed—if not committed    
    153A    Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds 
        of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc.,
        and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony    
    153AA    Punishment for knowingly carrying arms in any
        procession or organizing, or holding or taking part 
        in any mass drill or mass training with arms    
    153B    Imputations, assertions prejudicial to national-integration    
    154    Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held    
    155    Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed    
    156    Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed    
    157    Harbouring persons hired for an unlawful assembly    
    158    Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot     
    159    Affray    
    160    Punishment for committing affray    
CHAPTER 9
Of Offences by or Relating to Public Servants
    161 to 165A Repealed    
    166    Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person    
    166A    Public servant disobeying direction under law    
    166B    Punishment for non-treatment of victim    
    167    Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury    
    168    Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade    
    169    Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property    
    170    Personating a public servant    
    171    Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant 
        with fraudulent intent    
CHAPTER 9A
Of Offences Relating to Elections
    171A    “Candidate”, “Electoral right” defined    
    171B    Bribery    
    171C    Undue influence at elections    
    171D    Personation at elections    
    171E    Punishment for bribery    
    171F    Punishment for undue influence or personation at an election    
    171G    False statement in connection with an election    
    171H    Illegal payments in connection with an election    
    171-I    Failure to keep election accounts    
CHAPTER 10
Of Contempts of the Lawful Authority of Public Servants
    172    Absconding to avoid service of summons or other proceeding    
    173    Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or
        preventing publication thereof    
    174    Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant    
    174A    Non-appearance in response to a proclamation under 
        section 82 of Act 2 of 1974    
    175    Omission to produce document or electronic record to
        public servant by person legally bound to produce it    
    176    Omission to give notice or information to public servant by
        person legally bound to give it    
    177    Furnishing false information    
    178    Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it    
    179    Refusing to answer public servant authorised to question    
    180    Refusing to sign statement    
    181    False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or
        person authorized to administer an oath or affirmation    
    182    False information, with intent to cause public servant to use
        his lawful power to the injury of another person    
    183    Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant    
    184    Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant    
    185    Illegal purchase or bid for property offered for sale by
        authority of public servant    
    186    Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions    
    187    Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance    
    188    Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant    
    189    Threat of injury to public servant    
    190    Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for
        protection to public servant    
CHAPTER 11
Of False Evidence and Offences against Public Justice
    191    Giving false evidence    
    192    Fabricating false evidence    
    193    Punishment for false evidence    
    194    Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure
        conviction of capital offence    
    195    Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction
        of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment    
    195A    Threatening any person to give false evidence    
    196    Using evidence known to be false    
    197    Issuing or signing false certificate    
    198    Using as true a certificate known to be false    
    199    False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence    
    200    Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false    
    201    Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false
        information to screen offender     
    202    Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform    
    203    Giving false information respecting an offence committed    
    204    Destruction of document or electronic record to prevent 
        its production as evidence    
    205    False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution    
    206    Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its
        seizure as forfeited or in execution    
    207    Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution    
    208    Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due    
    209    Dishonestly making false claim in Court    
    210    Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due    
    211    False charge of offence made with intent to injure    
    212    Harbouring offender    
    213    Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment    
    214    Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender    
    215    Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc.    
    216    Harbouring offender who has escaped from custody or whose
        apprehension has been ordered    
    216A    Penalty for harbouring robbers or dacoits    
    216B    Definition of “harbour” in sections 212, 216 and 216A (Repealed)    
    217    Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save
        person from punishment or property from forfeiture    
    218    Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to
        save person from punishment or property from forfeiture    
    219    Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report,
        etc., contrary to law    
    220    Commitment for trial or confinement by person having
        authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law    
    221    Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public
        servant bound to apprehend    
    222    Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant 
        bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed    
    223    Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant    
    224    Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension    
    225    Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person    
    225A    Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of
        public servant, in cases not otherwise, provided for    
    225B    Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape
        or rescue, in cases not otherwise provided for    
    226    Unlawful return from transportation (Repealed)    
    227    Violation of condition of remission of punishment    
    228    Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting 
        in judicial proceeding    
    228A    Disclosure of identity of the victim of certain offences etc.    
    229    Personation of a juror or assessor    
    229A    Failure by person released on bail or bond to appear in Court    
CHAPTER 12
Of Offences Relating to Coin and Government Stamps
    230    “Coin” defined     
    231    Counterfeiting coin    
    232    Counterfeiting Indian coin    
    233    Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin    
    234    Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin    
    235    Possession of instrument, or material for the purpose of using
        the same for counterfeiting coin    
    236    Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of India of coin    
    237    Import or export of counterfeit coin    
    238    Import or export of counterfeits of the Indian coin    
    239    Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit    
    240    Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit    
    241    Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the
        deliverer did not know to be counterfeit    
    242    Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it to be
        counterfeit when he became possessed thereof    
    243    Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be
        counterfeit when he became possessed thereof    
    244    Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different
        weight or composition from that fixed by law    
    245    Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint    
    246    Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering
        composition of coin    
    247    Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering
        composition of Indian coin    
    248    Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as
        coin of different description    
    249    Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass
        as coin of different description    
    250    Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered    
    251    Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered    
    252    Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when
        he became possessed thereof    
    253    Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered
        when he became possessed thereof    
    254    Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the
        deliverer did not know to be altered    
    255    Counterfeiting Government stamp    
    256    Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting
        Government stamp    
    257    Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Government stamp    
    258    Sale of counterfeit Government stamp    
    259    Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp    
    260    Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be a counterfeit    
    261    Effacing, writing from substance bearing Government stamp,
        or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to
        cause loss to Government    
    262    Using Government stamp known to have been before used    
    263    Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used    
    263A    Prohibition of fictitious stamps    
CHAPTER 13
Of Offences Relating to weights and Measures
    264    Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing    
    265    Fraudulent use of false weight or measure    
    266    Being in possession of false weight or measure    
    267    Making or selling false weight or measure    
CHAPTER 14
Of Offences Affecting the Public Health, Safety, 
Convenience, Decency and Morals
    268    Public nuisance    
    269    Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life    
    270    Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life    
    271    Disobedience to quarantine rule    
    272    Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale    
    273    Sale of noxious food or drink    
    274    Adulteration of drugs    
    275    Sale of adulterated drugs    
    276    Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation    
    277    Fouling water of public spring or reservoir    
    278    Making atmosphere noxious to health    
    279    Rash driving or riding on a public way    
    280    Rash navigation of vessel    
    281    Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy    
    282    Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel    
    283    Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation    
    284    Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance    
    285    Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter    
    286    Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance    
    287    Negligent conduct with respect to machinery    
    288    Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings    
    289    Negligent conduct with respect to animal    
    290    Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for    
    291    Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue    
    292    Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc.    
    293    Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person    
    294    Obscene acts and songs    
    294A    Keeping lottery-office    
CHAPTER 15
Of Offences Relating to Religion
    295    Injuring or defiling place of worship with intent to insult the
        religion of any class    
    295A    Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious
        feelings of any class, by insulting its religion or religious beliefs    
    296    Disturbing religious assembly    
    297    Trespassing on burial places, etc.    
    298    Uttering, words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the
        religious feelings of any person    
CHAPTER 16
Of Offences Affecting the Human Body
    299    Culpable homicide    
    300    Murder     
    301    Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than
        person whose death was intended    
    302    Punishment for murder    
    303    Punishment for murder by life-convict    
    304    Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder    
    304A    Causing death by negligence    
    304B    Dowry death    
    305    Abetment of suicide of child or insane person    
    306    Abetment of suicide    
    307    Attempt to murder     
    308    Attempt to commit culpable homicide    
    309    Attempt to commit suicide    
    310    Thug    
    311    Punishment    
    312    Causing miscarriage    
    313    Causing miscarriage without woman’s consent    
    314    Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage    
    315    Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to
        cause it to die after birth    
    316    Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide    
    317    Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by
        parent or person having care of it    
    318    Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body    
    319    Hurt    
    320    Grievous hurt    
    321    Voluntarily causing hurt    
    322    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt    
    323    Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt    
    324    Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means    
    325    Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt    
    326    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means    
    326A    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, etc.    
    326B    Voluntarily throwing or attempting to throw acid    
    327    Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act    
    328    Causing hurt by means of poison, etc., with intent to commit an offence    
    329    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or 
        to constrain to an illegal act    
    330    Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or 
        to compel restoration of property    
    331    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or 
        to compel restoration of property    
    332    Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty    
    333    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty    
    334    Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation    
    335    Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation    
    336    Act endangering life or personal safety of others    
    337    Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others    
    338    Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others    
    339    Wrongful restraint    
    340    Wrongful confinement    
    341    Punishment for wrongful restraint    
    342    Punishment for wrongful confinement    
    343    Wrongful confinement for three or more days    
    344    Wrongful confinement for ten or more days    
    345    Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued    
    346    Wrongful confinement in secret    
    347    Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act    
    348    Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property    
    349    Force    
    350    Criminal force    
    351    Assault    
    352    Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation    
    353    Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty    
    354    Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty    
    354A    Sexual harassment and punishment for sexual harassment    
    354B    Assault or use of criminal force to woman with intent to disrobe    
    354C    Voyeurism    
    354D    Stalking    
    355    Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonour person, 
        otherwise than on grave provocation    
    356    Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft 
        of property carried by a person    
    357    Assault or criminal force in attempt wrongfully to confine a person    
    358    Assault or criminal force on grave provocation    
    359    Kidnapping    
    360    Kidnapping from India    
    361    Kidnapping from lawful guardianship    
    362    Abduction    
    363    Punishment for kidnapping    
    363A    Kidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging    
    364    Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder    
    364A    Kidnapping for ransom, etc.    
    365    Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and 
        wrongfully to confine person    
    366    Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc.    
    366A    Procuration of minor girl    
    366B    Importation of girl from foreign country    
    367    Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person 
        to grievous hurt, slavery, etc.    
    368    Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, 
        kidnapped or abducted person    
    369    Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with 
        intent to steal from its person    
    370    Trafficking of person    
    370A    Exploitation of a trafficked person    
    371    Habitual dealing in slaves    
    372    Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc.    
    373    Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc.    
    374    Unlawful compulsory labour    
    375    Rape    
    376    Punishment for rape    
    376A    Punishment for causing death or resulting in persistent 
        vegetative state of victim    
    376B    Sexual intercourse by husband upon his wife during separation    
    376C    Sexual intercourse by a person in authority    
    376D    Gang rape    
    376E    Punishment for repeat offenders    
    377    Unnatural offences    
CHAPTER 17
Of Offences against Property
    378    Theft    
    379    Punishment for theft    
    380    Theft in dwelling house, etc.    
    381    Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master    
    382    Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or
        restraint in order to the committing of the theft    
    383    Extortion    
    384    Punishment for extortion    
    385    Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion    
    386    Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt    
    387    Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, 
        in order to commit extortion    
    388    Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable
        with death or imprisonment for life, etc.    
    389    Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion    
    390    Robbery    
    391    Dacoity    
    392    Punishment for robbery    
    393    Attempt to commit robbery    
    394    Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery    
    395    Punishment for dacoity    
    396    Dacoity with murder    
    397    Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt    
    398    Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon    
    399    Making preparation to commit dacoity    
    400    Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits    
    401    Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves    
    402    Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity    
    403    Dishonest misappropriation of property    
    404    Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by
        deceased person at the time of his death    
    405    Criminal breach of trust    
    406    Punishment for criminal breach of trust    
    407    Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc.    
    408    Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant    
    409    Criminal breach of trust by public servant, or by banker, merchant or agent    
    410    Stolen Property    
    411    Dishonestly receiving stolen property    
    412    Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity    
    413    Habitually dealing in stolen property    
    414    Assisting in concealment of stolen property    
    415    Cheating    
    416    Cheating by personation    
    417    Punishment for cheating    
    418    Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss may ensue to
        person whose interest offender is bound to protect    
    419    Punishment for cheating by personation    
    420    Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property    
    421    Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property
        to prevent distribution among creditors    
    422    Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing debt being available for creditors    
    423    Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer 
        containing false statement of consideration    
    424    Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property    
    425    Mischief    
    426    Punishment for mischief    
    427    Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees    
    428    Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees    
    429    Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc, of any value or any 
        animal of the value of fifty rupees    
    430    Mischief by injury to works of irrigation or by wrongfully diverting water    
    431    Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel    
    432    Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public 
        drainage attended with damage    
    433    Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less 
        useful a light-house or sea-mark    
    434    Mischief by destroying or moving, etc., a land-mark fixed by public authority    
    435    Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage 
        to amount of one hundred or (in case of agricultural produce) ten rupees    
    436    Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc.    
    437    Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked
        vessel or one of twenty tons burden    
    438    Punishment for the mischief described in section 437
        committed by fire or explosive substance    
    439    Punishment for intentionally running vessel aground or 
        ashore with intent to commit theft, etc.    
    440    Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death or hurt    
    441    Criminal trespass    
    442    House trespass    
    443    Lurking house-trespass    
    444    Lurking house-trespass by night    
    445    House breaking    
    446    House-breaking by night    
    447    Punishment for criminal trespass    
    448    Punishment for house-trespass    
    449    House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death    
    450    House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with
        imprisonment for life    
    451    House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment    
    452    House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint    
    453    Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking    
    454    Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking in order to commit
        offence punishable with imprisonment    
    455    Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking after preparation
        for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint    
    456    Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night    
    457    Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night in order to
        commit offence punishable with imprisonment    
    458    Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night after
        preparation for hurt, assault, or wrongful restraint    
    459    Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking 
        house-trespass or house-breaking    
    460    All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house-breaking 
        by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them    
    461    Dishonestly breaking open receptacle containing property    
    462    Punishment for same offence when committed by 
        person  entrusted with custody    
CHAPTER 18
Of Offences Relating to Documents and to Property Marks
    463    Forgery    
    464    Making a false document    
    465    Punishment for forgery    
    466    Forgery of record of Court or of public register, etc.    
    467    Forgery of valuable security, will, etc.    
    468    Forgery for purpose of cheating    
    469    Forgery for purpose of harming reputation    
    470    Forged document or electronic record    
    471    Using as genuine a forged document or electronic record    
    472    Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to
        commit forgery punishable under section 467    
    473    Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to 
        commit forgery punishable otherwise    
    474    Having possession of document described in section 466 or
        467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine    
    475    Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents 
        described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material    
    476    Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents other than
        those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material    
    477    Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc., of will, authority 
        to adopt, or valuable security    
    477A    Falsification of accounts    
    478    Trade marks (Repealed)    
    479    Property mark    
    480    Using a false trade mark (Repealed)    
    481    Using a false property mark    
    482    Punishment for using a false property mark    
    483    Counterfeiting a property mark used by another    
    484    Counterfeiting a mark used by a public servant    
    485    Making or possession of any instrument for counterfeiting a property mark    
    486    Selling goods marked with a counterfeit property mark    
    487    Making a false mark upon any receptacle containing goods    
    488    Punishment for making use of any such false mark    
    489    Tampering with property mark with intent to cause injury    
    489A    Counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes    
    489B    Using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes    
    489C    Possession of forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes    
    489D    Making or possessing instruments or materials for forging or  
        counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes    
    489E    Making or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes    
CHAPTER 19
Of the Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service
    490    Breach of contract of service during voyage or journey (Repealed)    
    491    Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person    
    492    Breach of contract to serve at distant place to which 
        servant is conveyed at master’s expense (Repealed)    
CHAPTER 20
Of Offences Relating to Marriage
    493    Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a
         belief of lawful marriage    
    494    Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife    
    495    Same offence with concealment of former marriage from 
        person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted    
    496    Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage    
    497    Adultery    
    498    Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman    
CHAPTER 20A
Of Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband
    498A    Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty    
CHAPTER 21
Of Defamation
    499    Defamation     
    500    Punishment for defamation    
    501    Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory    
    502    Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter    
CHAPTER 22
Of Criminal Intimidation, Insult and Annoyance
    503    Criminal intimidation    
    504    Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace    
    505    Statements conducing to public mischief    
    506    Punishment for criminal intimidation    
    507    Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication    
    508    Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will 
        be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure    
    509    Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman    
    510    Misconduct in public by a drunken person    
CHAPTER 23
Of Attempts to Commit Offences
    511    Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable 
        with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment    

Dr. Harish Chander

MA, LLM (London), PhD Former Professor-in-Charge Law Center II, University of Delhi

Judges, Advocates, Lawyers and people engaged in legal field.



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