Book detail

Law of Trade Marks & Passing off
Law of Trade Marks & Passing off
With supplement containing the amendments of the Finance Act 2017 & the Trade Marks Rules 2017
Author: P. Narayanan
Edition: 6th
Year of publication: Revised 2017
No. of pages: 1628
ISBN: 9788171773206
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
Price: 1895.00
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This standard work by the reputed author comes in its Sixth Edition covering the Trade Marks Act of 1999 facilitating projection of Indian products and services to the developed countries like Europe, the U.K. and the U.S.A. with our Trade Marks & Brands which can be protected throughout the world as consumers abroad are brand conscious. Exhaustive exposition has been made of the essential features of European Law, Unfair Competition Law, Trade Dress and Geographical Indication of Goods. Latest amendments with major changes are reflected in the appropriate places in the text.  

• European Law
• Unfair Competition
• Trade Dress
• Geographical Indication

Chapter                                                                                                                             Paras
        1     Introduction     .............................................................................................. 1.01–1.20
        2     What is a Trade Mark
                 1.   Definition of trade mark.......................................................................... 2.01–2.04
                 2.   Function of a trade mark......................................................................... 2.05–2.06
                 3.   Different kinds of marks......................................................................... 2.07–2.09
                 4.   Use of a trade mark................................................................................. 2.10–2.28
                 5.   Common law trade mark..............................................................................     2.29
                 6.   Certification trade mark................................................................................     2.30
                 7.   Property mark..............................................................................................     2.31
                 8.   Collective mark....................................................................................... 2.32–2.33
        3     Property in Trade Mark                                                                                 3.01–3.23
        4     Register of Trade Marks and the Trade Marks Registry
                 1.   Register of trade marks............................................................................ 4.01–4.07
                 2.   Trade marks registry and branches.......................................................... 4.08–4.09
                 3.   Organisation of the trade marks registry.................................................. 4.10–4.15
                 4.   Inspection of documents......................................................................... 4.16–4.17
                 5.   Certified copies and evidence.................................................................. 4.18–4.21
        5     Registration of Trade Marks
               Statutory provisions............................................................................................     5.01
                 1.   Applicant................................................................................................. 5.02–5.12
                 2.   Application for registration...................................................................... 5.13–5.20
                 3.   Examination and objections.................................................................... 5.21–5.23
                 4.   Acceptance and advertisement................................................................. 5.24–5.28
                 5.   Amendment of application...................................................................... 5.29–5.32
                 6.   Opposition..................................................................................................       5.33
                 7.   Registration............................................................................................. 5.34–5.40
                 8.   Renewal, removal and restoration............................................................ 5.41–5.43
                 9.   Refusal and grounds of decision............................................................. 5.44–5.47
               10.   Discretion of Registrar............................................................................. 5.48–5.58
        6     Opposition to Registration
                 1.   Procedure................................................................................................ 6.01–6.05
                 2.   Grounds of opposition and counter–statement........................................ 6.06–6.10
                 3.   Evidence................................................................................................. 6.11–6.19
                 4.   Costs....................................................................................................... 6.20–6.21
                 5.   Onus...........................................................................................................       6.22
                 6.   Registrar’s powers................................................................................... 6.23–6.26
                 7.   Appeal..................................................................................................... 6.27–6.29
                 8.   Interlocutory proceedings........................................................................ 6.30–6.35
        7     Powers of the Registrar and the Central Government                             ..... 7.01–7.31
        8     What marks are registrable
                 1.   Essential requisites for registration.......................................................... 8.01–8.05
                 2.   Device marks.......................................................................................... 8.06–8.16
                 3.   Name....................................................................................................... 8.17–8.19
                 4.   Surname, personal name etc.................................................................... 8.20–8.25
                 5.   Registration of surnames, personal names, etc........................................ 8.26–8.29
                 6.   Signature.....................................................................................................       8.30
                 7.   Words.........................................................................................................       8.31
                 8.   Invented words and coined word............................................................ 8.32–8.37
                 9.   Non–descriptive words........................................................................... 8.38–8.52
               10.   Geographical names................................................................................ 8.53–8.57
               11.   Letters, numerals etc............................................................................... 8.58–8.64
               12.   Shape of goods, packaging...................................................................... 8.65–8.66
               13.   Combination of colours........................................................................... 8.67–8.68
               14.   National emblems.................................................................................... 8.69–8.70
               15.   Capable of distinguishing........................................................................ 8.71–8.72
        9     What Marks are not Registrable
               Introduction.........................................................................................................     9.01
                 1.   Grounds for refusal of application.......................................................... 9.02–9.06
                 2.   Meaning of similar, deceptively similar and
                       nearly resembling, marks........................................................................ 9.07–9.10
                 3.   Well known trade marks.......................................................................... 9.11–9.13
                 4.   Marks registered in good faith................................................................. 9.14–9.16
                 5.   Relevance of principles laid down under ss. 11
                       and 12(1) of the Act of 1958................................................................... 9.17–9.26
                 6.   Marks identical or similar, but goods different........................................ 9.27–9.31
                 7.   Marks which deceive the public or cause confusion................................ 9.32–9.45
                 8.   Marks contrary to law, etc....................................................................... 9.46–9.58
                 9.   Similar goods or goods of same description............................................ 9.59–9.68
               10.   Applications for registration of similar marks......................................... 9.69–9.72
               11.   Chemical names and non–proprietory names.......................................... 9.73–9.74
      10     Registration of Marks prima facie not Capable
               of Distinguishing
               Introduction.......................................................................................................     10.01
               Distinctive character and capable of distinguishing.............................................     10.02
                 1.   Descriptive words...........................................................................     10.03–10.10
                 2.   Registration of surnames, personal names etc.............................................     10.11
                 3.   Registration of geographical names..................................................     10.12–10.18
                 4.   Evidence of distinctive character.....................................................     10.19–10.29
      10     Registration of Marks prima facie
               not Capable of Distinguishing—continued
                 5.   Registration of part of a trade mark.............................................................     10.30
                 6.   Registration of trade marks in series................................................     10.31–10.34
      11     Certification Trade Mark         ...........................................................      11.01–11.12
      12     Textile Trade Marks                                                                                   12.01–12.07
      13     Collective Marks      ............................................................................      13.01–13.08
      14     Common to the Trade         ..................................................................      14.01–14.12
      15     Appellate Board       .............................................................................      15.01–15.10
      16     Concurrent Registration          .............................................................      16.01–16.25
      17     Similarity, Near Resemblance and Deceptive
               Similarity of Marks
                 1.   General..........................................................................................      17.01–17.16
                 2.   Comparison of word marks...........................................................      17.17–17.48
                 3.   Comparison of devices and composite marks................................      17.49–17.62
                 4.   Marks containing features common to the trade.............................      17.63–17.69
                 5.   Letters and numerals...................................................................................... 17.70
                 6.   Surrounding circumstances to be considered.................................      17.71–17.78
                 7.   Evidence........................................................................................    17.79–17.101
      18     Assignment and Transmission of Trade Marks               ......................      18.01–18.32
      19     Goodwill                                                                                                     19.01–19.20
      20     Licensing of Trade Marks and Registered Users
                 1.   Licensing of trade marks................................................................      20.01–20.22
                 2.   Registered users and non–registered permitted users.....................      20.23–20.45
      21     Rectification of Register
                 1.   General..........................................................................................      21.01–21.13
                 2.   Extent of power of tribunal to rectify register.................................      21.14–21.19
                 3.   Who are persons aggrieved............................................................      21.20–21.33
                 4.   Onus of proof................................................................................      21.34–21.35
                 5.   Grounds of rectification.................................................................      21.36–21.42
                 6.   Entry made without sufficient cause—s. 57(2)..............................      21.43–21.50
                 7.   Entry wrongly remaining on the register.........................................      21.51–21.61
                 8.   Nature and scope of orders under s. 57.........................................      21.62–21.64
                 9.   Rectification under s. 57(4)............................................................................ 21.65
               10.   Discretion of the tribunal under s. 57.............................................      21.66–21.67
               11.   Rectification based on s. 36...........................................................      21.68–21.78
               12.   Rectification on the ground of non–user under s. 47......................... 21.79–21.115
               13.   Correction of register....................................................................... 21.116–21.124
               14.   Alteration of registered trade mark.................................................. 21.125–21.130
               15.   Amendment of register on amendment of
                       classification of goods.................................................................................. 21.131
      22     Effect of Registration        ...................................................................      22.01–22.21
      23     Infringement of Trade Mark
               General................................................................................................................   23.01
               Burden of proof...................................................................................................   23.02
               Value of decided cases........................................................................................   23.03
               Section 29............................................................................................................   23.04
                  1.   What constitutes infringement.......................................................      23.05–23.34
                  2.   Acts not constituting infringement................................................      23.35–23.45
      24     Action for Infringement
               Enforcement of rights conferred by registration.................................................     24.01
                  1.   Suits for infringement and passing off..........................................      24.02–24.09
                  2.   Who may use for infringement.....................................................      24.10–24.20
                  3.   Who may be sued.........................................................................      24.21–24.28
                  4.   Pleadings......................................................................................      24.29–24.32
                  5.   Defences in an action for infringement.........................................      24.33–24.84
                  6.   Evidence in infringement and passing off actions.........................      24.85–24.93
                  7.   Relief in suits for infringement or passing off...............................      24.94–24.95
                  8.   Injunctions...................................................................................    24.96–24.130
                  9.   Damages and account of profits..................................................... 24.131–24.141
                10.   Other reliefs................................................................................................ 24.142
                11.   Costs.............................................................................................. 24.143–24.145
                12.   Discovery...................................................................................... 24.146–24.150
      25     Passing off Action
               General................................................................................................................   25.01
                  1.   General principles of the law of passing off....................................... 25.02–25.32
                  2.   Distinction between infringement and passing off actions.................. 25.33–25.41
                  3.   Evidence in passing off actions.......................................................... 25.42–25.55
                  4.   Likelihood of deception or confusion and evidence........................... 25.56–25.67
                  5.   Where goods or business different..................................................... 25.68–25.74
                  6.   Passing off based on use of words..................................................... 25.75–25.92
                  7.   Imitation of get–up........................................................................... 25.93–25.101
                  8.   Non–profit making bodies............................................................. 25.102–25.103
                  9.   Trade names and domain name...................................................... 25.104–25.138
                10.   Miscellaneous cases of passing off................................................ 25.139–25.165
                11.   Defences in passing off actions...................................................... 25.166–25.180
                12.   Reliefs granted in suits for passing off........................................... 25.181–25.182
                13.   Suits for passing off....................................................................... 25.183–25.195
      26     Evidence in Trade Mark Proceedings              ......................................     26.01–26.17
      27     Fraud                                                                                                           27.01–27.11
      28     Offences and Penalties
               Introduction.........................................................................................................   28.01
               Relevant sections.................................................................................................   28.02
               Trade Mark..........................................................................................................   28.03
               Deceptively similar..............................................................................................   28.04
               Proprietor of the trade mark.................................................................................   28.05
                 1.   Nature of offences and penalties.....................................................     28.06–28.12
                 2.   False trade marks............................................................................     28.13–28.16
                 3.   False trade description.....................................................................     28.17–28.22
                 4.   Liability of master, servant and shopkeeper....................................     28.23–28.26
                 5.   Failure to mark textile goods...........................................................     28.27–28.28
                 6.   Offences relating to registration, registry and register......................     28.29–28.32
                 7.   Defences.........................................................................................     28.33–28.41
                 8.   Disposal of falsely marked goods.................................................................. 28.42
      28     Offences and Penalties—continued
                 9.   Procedure before courts.................................................................      28.43–28.57
               10.   Seller’s warranty............................................................................................ 28.58
               11.   Imported goods..............................................................................      28.59–28.60
      29     Threat of Legal Proceedings and Trade Libel
                 1.   Groundless threats.........................................................................      29.01–29.08
                 2.   Trade Libel....................................................................................      29.09–29.22
      30     Miscellaneous Topics
                 1.   Res Judicata...................................................................................      30.01–30.04
                 2.   Persons acting in good faith and public servants............................................ 30.05
                 3.   Death of party and abandonment of application.............................      30.06–30.11
                 4.   Other matters.................................................................................      30.12–30.29
                                                                                                                                             Pages
      31     Trade Mark Law in Europe                                                                              968–972
      32     Unfair Competition Law        ....................................................................      973–977
      33     Trade Dress                                                                                                       978–983
                                                                                                                                             Paras
      34     Geographical Indication of Goods           ............................................    34.01–34.101
Appendices
Appendix                                                                                                                             Pages
        1     The Trade Marks Act, 1999          ..........................................................      1021–1073
        2     The Trade Marks Rules, 2002                                                                      1074–1200
        3     The Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958               ........................      1201–1243
        4     The Geographical Indications of Goods
               (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999             ....................................      1244–1269
        5     The Geographical Indications of Goods
               (Registration and Protection) Rules, 2002               ...............................      1270–1334
        6     The Trade Marks (Applications and Appeals to the
               Intellectual Property Appellate Board) Rules, 2003                   ............      1335–1344
        7     Intellectual Property Appellate
               Board (Procedure) Rules, 2003           ....................................................      1345–1355
        8     Trade Marks Act 1994 of the United Kingdom                                            1356–1408
        9     Federal Trademark Act of 1946 as Amended
               (The Lanham Act) (U.S.A.)           ..........................................................      1409–1440
      10     Notifications by Central Government                                                                    1441
      11     Indication of Origin of Goods           .....................................................      1442–1449
      12     Instructions for the Limits of Variation 
               in Respect of Trade Descriptions               ..............................................      1450–1451
      13     Directions of Central Government                                                               1452–1454
      14     The Emblems and Names (Prevention of
               Improper Use) Act, 1950         ...............................................................      1455–1458
      15     Certain Provisions of the Drugs and Cosmetics
               Act, 1940 and the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945                 .............      1459–1460
      16     Certain Provisions of the Drugs and Magic Remedies
               (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954              ...............................      1461–1463
      17     Certain Provisions of the Geneva
               Conventions Act, 1960        ....................................................................      1464–1465
      18     Ratification of Paris Convention              ..............................................      1466–1467
      19     Certain Provisions of the GATT and TRIPS                                                1468–1476
      20     Paris Convention for the Protection of
                Industrial Property                                 1477–1496

P. Narayanan

MA, LLB, Advocate

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